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从物联网到云计算,让敦煌壁画再“活”一千年

发布时间: 2020-01-07来源: 浙大新闻办作者: 柯溢能 吴雅兰0

北出长城古塞边,荒松落日少人烟。历经千年,敦煌莫高窟茕茕矗立在河西走廊西端。

亚博APPzaizheizuowenminghuijudeyishubaokuzhong,dongkujianzhu、caisu、huihuarongyuyiti,fuliduocai,jingmiaojuelun。raner,buxiangbowuguanzhongdezangpinbeixixinhehuzaizaihengwenhengshidexitongzhong,zheixieshikulidebihuazaisuiyuedefengshazhongyueguoqiannian,lijingriyuexingchen,yudangdairentongciliangre。

亚博APPyidaidaihoulairen,shouweizhemogaoku,baohuzhemogaoku。2006niankaishi,yaboappjisuanjikexueyujishuxueyuanrengongzhinengyanjiusuofusuozhangdongyabofujiaoshou,yejiarudaotamendeduiwu,weimogaokuzhuangshanghuanjingjiancexitong,yijianjianyishupinde“lengnuantizheng”deyijilu,wenwubaohuzhuanjiadeyigenghao“duizhengxiayao”。

一呼一吸牵动着莫高窟的美

zoujinyigegedongku,haofangziru、cuguangyoulidedunhuangbihua,daduozhimianguanzhong。youkemendeyijinjulidongchagurenzhihui,gantanyiyanqianniandeshenqi。danzheiyerangbihuamianlinjudadefengxian。zheizhongfengxianlaiziguanzhonghuxichulaideshuiqihegaoshitianqishiyinweiyoukecanguanercongkuwaijiaohuanjinlaideshikongqi,dangkongqishiduchaoguo62%shi,bihuashenchudedizhangcengjiuhuixichuyanfen,jinerzaibihuabiaomianjiejing,yinqibihuasujianhepolie。

亚博APPriyizengduodeyoukejinrudongkuduibihuadebaohugouchengleweixie。dunhuangyanjiuyuandeyixiangyanjiufaxian,mei40geyoukecanguanbanxiaoshi,dongneideeryanghuatanzhijiuhuishenggao7.5bei,kongqixiangduishidushangsheng10%,wendushenggao4℃。guanzhongcanguansuodailaideyilianchuanliansuoxiaoying,huishixuduobihuachuxianbianseboluoxianxiang。renweidebujingyidesunhuaijiasulejingnianleiyuedeqinshi,zaijiashangfengshadengziranjiedeyingxiang,bihuawenwuzhengzaiyitiantiandi“shuailao”,baohushikuyijingkeburonghuan。

亚博APPciqian,wendu、shidu、eryanghuatandejiance,zhinenggeduanshijianshoudongtiquyici。“zheizhongjiancefangshishixiaoxinghencha,ruguozhendexuyaobaohu,qiangjiudoulaibuji。”baizaidongyabomianqiande,jiushiyanzhianzhuangyitaoshishifankuidehuanjingjiancexitong。

亚博APP2006nian,dongyabodiyicizoujinmogaoku,dunshibeiyanqiandechangjingsuozhenjing。

rucihuihongzhuanglidehuamian,ningjuzhegurendejingzhanjiyi。dandongkulirucixiaxiaodezuoyekongjian,jiancegongzuohennankaizhan。erdengdaizhetadeshimangedeshoujixinhaozoujinshikudunshiquanwu——dongkudeteshuxingzhishidewuxianxinhaowanquanbeizhedang,eryouyuwenwubaohudexuyao,kuneimeiyoudianyuan,bunengdashewangxian。

yiqiedoukunnanzhongzhong。

亚博APPzenmeban?dongyaboxiangdaoledangshiganggangxingqidewulianwangjishu,yituowuxianchuanganwangluo,chuandixinhao。suiranzaigongyejiewuxianchuanganjishuyijingqibu,dantijipangdashiyongbubian,xuyaoyingyongzaiwenwushang,duidongkudehuanjinghebihuawenwudouyoubuliangyingxiang。yincijiangxianchengjishuzhijieyizhidaowenwubaohulingyu,tanherongyi。yiqiedouyaocongtoukaishi,mozheshitouguohe。

让数据成为文物保护“看门狗”

亚博APPcongwenwubaohujiaodujiang,chuanganqideanfang,jibunengpohuaibihua,youbunengyingxiangguanzhongcanguan。dongyabotuanduitongguodigonghaodeduotiaozizuzhijiegou,rangshujuzaijielizhongchuandichulai。zheishiyigebigutijiaolvepangyixiedechuanganqi,yongyuganzhihecaijikongqizhongdeshidu、wendu、eryanghuatan。meiyoudianyuan,dongyabodezheikuanjianceqizhixuyao2jiewuhaodianchi,jiunenggongzuozhengzhengyinianshijian。

亚博APPzenmejiangdidiannengxiaohaoni?tuanduijinkenengrangchuanganqizaibugongzuodeshihouchuyuxiumian,yasuogongzuoshijian。yinci,meiyifenzhongdeshujuchuanshu,chuanganqizaigongzuodeduanduanjishihaomiaozhong,yaowanchengxunzhaoxinhao、jieshoushangyouchuanganqishuju、xunzhaoxiayouchuanganqi、fasongshujuyijijieshouyingdadengdengdongzuo。

亚博APPzaiyingjiancengmian,dongyabodailingtuanduizijishejiyanzhichuanganqi,jinkenengjiangdichuanganqinenghao,bachuanganqizuoxiao,yibimianduidongkujingguandeyingxiang。zairuanjiancengmian,tamenxielejishiwantiaodaima,quebaozhenggechuanganqidegaoxiaoyunxing。

suizheyigegechuanganqideanzhuang,shujuyuanyuanbuduandishuchu。zuikaishidejinian,tamenqueyichang“diaopi”。kenengjintiandiaoshiwancheng,xingnenglianghao,dengdaolediertianjiumeiyoushujule。“huanjingtaifuza,xinhaofeichangbuwending,buzhidaoshenmeshihoutajiuturanbugongzuole。”dongyaboshuo,“neishihoufeichangjusang,shenzhihuigandaobengkui。”

亚博APPerjiejuewentideyaochi,yezhizhangwozaitamendeshouli。zaizuikaishidejinianli,shujiayidaotuanduijiufeidaodunhuangyidaijiushiyigeyue,“zheishihoumeiyouke,yaboappjiuzhengtianpaozaimogaoku,youwentisuishikeyiganguoqu。”erdaoleyewantamenzuidadexiuxi,jiushipaodaoshadishang,yangwangyinhe,shuxingxing,kanliuxing。

亚博APP“kandaoneimemeidejingzhi,baohuneimemeidebihua,haoxiangyiqiedoushilisuodangran。”dongyaboshuo,tianyiliang,tamenjiumangliuyuchazhaowentihejishudiedai,rangwulianjishugengjiawending。yifangmianjingguojingxinxizhidejishuyanfaheceshi,gongkedigonghaoduotiaozizuwangjishuzhongdegegejishunandian,bingtongguoshiduogeruanjianbanbendedaimashengji,zhubutigaochuanganqidewendingxing;lingyifangmiangenjumeiyigedongkudetexing,shejibutongdexinhaozhongjiweizhi,baozhengzaibutongdongkulidoukeyiyouanquanwendingdexinhaochuanshutongdao。zuizhongzai100duogedongkuneianzhuangde500duogechuanganqidoukeyiwendingyunxing,meigedongkuneidehuanjingshujudoukeyizaijiancexitongshangshishichengxianchulai。

亚博APPdunhuangmogaokunanquyou492gedongku,dongyabocongzuichudewanquanmosheng,daojianjianshuxi,youqishiduiqizhongjishigezhongdianshikurushujiazhen。2011nianxitongzhujianwendinghou,yijingyou100duogedongkuanzhuangzhetamenyanzhidedierdaihuanjingjiancechuanganqi,zaimogaokukuquneiyeshezhileqixiangzhanhekongqiwuranjiancezhan,zheixiechuanganqifahuizhewenwubaohu“kanmengou”dezuoyong。

亚博APPzoujindunhuangyanjiuyuanjiancezhongxin,yikuaishuodadedianzipingxiyinrendeyanqiu。yigegexiaolvdiandaibiaozhewenshidu、eryanghuatannongduzhengchang,eryidandadaojingjiezhi“baohong”,yilianchuandeyoukediaoduxitongjiujiangkaiqi。ruguoshiyinweiyoukeduo,kuneiwenshidudayushiwai,mogaokujiuhuiqidongxianliuhetongfengcuoshi,zhanshiguanbicanguan;ruguoshiyinweidaqishiduguogao,huiyingxiangkuneishidu,zehuiguanbidongkumen,wendingkuneihuanjing。

dunhuangyanjiuyuanqianyuanzhangfanjinshicengdianzantuandui: “zuoleyijianduimogaokufeichangyouyongdegongzuo”。

云技术,让壁画再“活”一千年

cong2006niandiyicizoujinmogaokudediantangzhihou,dongyabomeiniandouyaoduociwangfanhangzhoudunhuangjiancewenwushuju。zheiyijianchixialai,bianshishisinian。

亚博APPrujinsuizheyanjiudeshenru,dongyabotuanduibujinkaizhankuneihuanjingjiance,haitongguochuanganqi,duiwenwubentikaizhanqingxie、kailiedengyinsudejiance。erdongyaboyezaidunhuang“zhongxia”leyizhibentutuandui,dunhuangyanjiuyuanchenglilequanguowenwujiejiaozaodezhuanyehuadewenwubaohujiancezhongxin。

danghuixiangqi2006nianchudaodunhuangshideqingjing,tajuedeyouzhongchushengniudubupahudechuangjing。pingjieyitaidiannaozuoweifuwuqi,yongwuxianwangluoguanchuanqishijigedongku。ersuizheshujuliangdeyuelaiyueda,fuwuqiderongliangyebuduankuozeng。

xiangjiaoyuyibangongyehuozheminyonglingyushangcaijideshishishuju,keyidingqiqingchuhuozheyasuo,erduiyuwenwu,zheixielishishujuquedayouyongwuzhidi。“zaiwenwubaohuzhong,liyonglishishujukeyijianliwenwubaocunhuanjinghewenwubentizhuangtaidechangtaimoxing,weiweilaidewenwufengxianyujingtigongzhongyaodeyiju,yincizheixieshujujiazhijuda,keshanbude。”

jishiyishangbaiyitiaoshujuduiqilai,liangyuelaiyueda,wentiyejiuchulaile。kongjiancunchuyuelaiyueyueda,yucitongshishujuchaxunyebiandeyichanghuanman。“buganqingyifangwenqianyiniandeshuju,pafuwuqipaobudonghuibengkui。”

亚博APPhaiyouyigeqingkuangyerangdongyabofanchou。youshihoumogaokuhuitingdian,shidechuanshuwangluozhongduan。zheishichuanganqihuizidongchucunshuju,huifugongdianhou,zheixiezanshibaocunzaichuanganqishangdeshujujiuhuixianghongshuiyibanyongxiangfuwuqi。zheirangdongyabomeitianduishujudeanquantixindiaodan,jiuhaoxiangshishouzheyigejijinlinjiedeshuiku,danxindabakuiba,shujudiushi。

cishi,yunjishurixinyueyi,shujuxieruyufangwenxingnengdedaojidadegaishan。tongguoyaboappyualibabahezuoshelidezhiyunshiyanshi,dongyabotuanduizaiyualibabadeyunjishuzhuanjiadehezuozhonggongtonggongkelehailiangshujucunchuguanlidejishunanti,yejiangzhiyunshiyanshidezhedayunpingtaiyingyongzailegengduodewenwubaohuxiangmuzhong。

xianrujin,dongyabotuanduizhengzaibuduankuodatamendeyanjiulingyuheyingyongduixiang,xiwangweiqitadewenbojigoupeiyanggengduogengcongmingdedianzi“kanmengou。”dongyaboshuo,wenwubentideyufangxingbaohuhennan,dantaxiangtongguojishuranggengduodewenwuzai“huo”yiqiannian。

(keyineng wuyalan)

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